Browsing posts in: Glowforge

Cat bed elevation device

We have a couple of heated for out cat to hang out in, which she really likes. One of them lives in the living room near the windows, but unfortunately if she is in the bed she can’t see out the windows.

What was needed was a way to elevate her so that she could see out. Which seemed like a perfect opportunity for some CAD and CNC.

The design

I fired up Fusion 360 and started playing around. I started with the basic dimensions; the top would be 18” square (the bed is really pretty big) and it needed to be 11 inches tall. Then it was off to build the basic model.

In the past, I’ve used “through tabs” which are easy to do but not aesthetically pleasing. In this design, none of the tabs go all the way through, which makes it a lot nicer looking.

After a couple of hours I had the basic design:

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The bottom cutouts on the ends are so that there are four discrete legs for support, and the holes are to make it look a little more interesting. I played around with another slot farther up, but decided not to for reasons that will later become apparent. Note that there are no visible tabs.

Here’s the inside of one of the ends:

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This shows the cutouts that I will make for the end; there is the outline and slot that go all the way through, the recessed pockets for the tabs from the sides, and then the tabs that will go into the pockets cut into the top.

There are “dogbones” cut at the corners; these are needed so that the rectangular corner of the tab has someplace to go. This is using the new “minimal dogbone” add-in for Fusion 360, which is a great improvement over the previous version.

Material

I went to my lumberyard (Dunn Lumber) and procured a sheet of 12mm baltic birch plywood for $30. It comes in an exceedingly inconvenient 5’x5’ size, which means that I cannot fit it in the back of my pickup. I can, however, tie it to the top of my outback.

Cutting

I trimmed the 5×5 sheet into a 2×5 sheet for this project and a 3×5 sheet for later projects, and then set up my workspace. It’s a melamine shelf with some thin sacrificial sheets of 1/8” MDF on top and then the actual wood clamped on top.

Shaper suggests that you use double-sided tape to hold the wood down, which is a really good idea that I keep forgetting to do. I added the domino tape so the shaper can figure out where it is, and started cutting.

It takes multiple passes to go through 12mm stock, and after a few options I settled on 5mm, 10mm (the depth of the pockets), and 12.3 mm to cut through.

Here’s a shot partway through the cutting:

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I took that picture because the Shaper crashed in the middle of the cut. It luckily remembers the layout so you can keep cutting when you startup, but you sometimes lose tracking before it finishes retracting the bit so there are small mistakes in the cuts.

I had about 8 crashes while cutting the parts for this. Unlike previous projects – where it would crash only while cutting and in reproducible situations – these crashes seemed to be much more random. I’m working with Shaper on it but haven’t figured anything out yet; in this case it cut flawlessly for about 45 minutes before any issues showed up, so I suspect it’s heat related.

Anyway, eventually the last part was cut, and I could fit the pieces together. One of the joys of the CAD-based approach is that if you don’t make mistakes, things just fit together. I used my soft-blow hammer and ended up with this:

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Definitely looks like a stool. You can still see a lot of fuzz that needs to be cleaned up and an overall sanding is in order.

It was at this point I realized that I messed and hid the nice surface of the plywood up instead of down, which means the display faces have a number of patches that should have been on the inside.

Sigh. Well, my cat won’t mind.

I spent a lot of time sanding and de-fuzzing the project, and it seemed like things were okay.

Identification

As you can see, it’s definitely a stool, but it’s not a definitely a cat stool. It needed something so that our cat would know that it was her.

After spending approximately 20 hours looking at cat drawings online, I came across a set that were very minimalist, and I picked four, two for the ends and one for each side.

Those got cleaned up an image editor and then engraved into the wood with my GlowForge. That took about 45 minutes.

Assembly

The sides were glued together, assembled temporarily into the top for alignment, and clamped until they were dry. Then this was repeated to glue the sides to the top.

Finishing

I wanted something a little more golden than the natural color, so I wanted a bit of stain. I decided to kill two birds with one stone and get a polyurethane with stain.

Bad idea. Maybe a good idea if you are spraying the finish, but applying by hand every slight difference in thickness shows up as a difference in color, and if you get any runs they look pretty bad.

Lesson learned for later. After the first coat dried, everything got sanded with steel wool to knock down the raised grain, and a second coat finished it off.

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And an action photo:

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As I have not obtained a model release from the cat I am contractually unable to show photos of her in the bed.

Shaper project is here.


DLE (Globes of Fire) Part 5 – First Board!

When a new telescope is completed, one of the big milestones is known as “first light” – the first time that the telescope is used as it is intended.

Now that I am the proud owner of a reflow oven – a modified Black & Decker toaster oven fitted with Whizoo’s Controleo3 reflow oven kit – and I have a new version of my boards back – it’s time to think about how to build these things in a reasonable way.

The plan is obviously to switch from hand-soldering to reflow. To do that, the first thing that I need is a stencil that I can use to apply solder paste. Thankfully, kicad makes this really easy; you can modify the solder pad tolerances in the program, and the pcb editor can write out SVG files (thanks to Rheingold Heavy for this post). If I have the pads, I can easily cut a stencil, likely out of mylar because it’s a bit cheaper than Kapton is.

That would give me a way to do a single board if I could hand-align it closely enough. But each of the globes needs 12 of these boards, and hand-aligning is a pain.

So… what my real plan to do is to cut holes in a piece of hardboard (or cardboard) that will hold a number of the boards (12 or 24) and then a matching stencil. If I align the stencil one, then I can put solder paste on all of them.

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So, here’s the test. I took the pad svg and the board edge svg, joined them in inkscape and then cut them on the glowforge. As you can see, the boards fit perfectly into the cutouts, and the solder pads cut correctly. Next I will need to do a better version of this, with different colors for the pads and board edge so I can turn them off and off when laser cutting. I’m also probably going to cut holes for some posts that will give me registration between the board with cutouts and the stencil.

You can also see the first two boards that ran through the reflow oven. I did the solder paste without a stencil and I also skipped baking the LEDs since they showed up in a factory-sealed pack and have been sealed since, and both boards came out fine. And a 10 minute reflow cycle is a lot quicker than hand soldering…


An inexpensive glowforge stand…

My glowforge lives in a workshop I have that I’ve been working on fixing up. The workshop was bare studs but now it has plywood walls and some improved electrical.

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As you can see, it’s sitting on top of some old and tired cabinets that I don’t use for storage because they don’t work very well, and a counter that sags in the middle. I need something to be better at holding both the glowforge and the other stuff I want to do down here (in particular, I need a place I can put a reflow oven for some electronics projects).

My initial thought was to price out some replacement cabinets and a countertop, but that quickly started looking like $800 – $1000 for the cheap stuff. So, what other alternatives could I use?

I was inspired by Mike’s table in this forum post:

That’s just a cheap home depot storage rack, only using part of it. I found a rack that was like it at Home Depot, and it was only $60:

But… It was only four feet wide, and I wanted some space to put my laptop and other stuff next to the glowforge. So, I started looking for racks that were wider but still 24” deep. The ones I found were a lot pricier; something like $150 or so.

Time passed, and I ended up on Costco’s website, and decided to search there.

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What have we here? 60” wide, 24” deep, and a full 72” tall. $170, so not super cheap, but pretty close to what I wanted. I could put four shelves at the bottom for flat goods, and then one shelf at the top, and the glowforge would be at waist height. And wheels if I wanted them.

It took about a week to ship, and the box it showed up in was heavy. 104 pounds heavy. I dragged it off the front porch and into the garage, opened it up, and found that it was just what I expected. 5 shelves, and – to save on shipping costs – the corner posts come as two sections that screw together. I did some measurements, and realized that if I didn’t use the casters (it comes with both casters and normal feet), the length of he bottom posts was almost exactly counter height, which meant I could do a build that was pretty much at counter height.

And… if I only used 3 shelves on that, I could use the remaining parts – the upper posts and other two shelves – and build a second countertop-height system to go next to the first:

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So, that $170 got me two counters – one to hold the glowforge, and one to hold whatever else I want to put next to it. But if you didn’t want the second counter unit, you could easily put the other two shelves on the glowforge part and get a lot of storage for flat materials. And have it on wheels if that is useful for you.

There was only one problem. Wire shelves aren’t the nicest things to put stuff on as small items fall through the openings, and you can’t write on them either. What I needed was a countertop to go on top. There are a few options:

  • Buy one of the ikea countertops – like this or this – and trim them down. I would need two in this case, and that would be another $120. Decent idea, and I like the black look. So yes for fancy, but no for this setting.
  • Buy a full sheet of melamine. My lumberyard will sell me a 48” x 96” sheet for $35, and that would do both counters with some left over. Downside is that the 1/2” sheets are about 65 pounds and a bit of a pain to transport. And the exposed edges aren’t white.
  • Buy some pre-drilled shelf panels. These are meant to be used for the sides of cabinets with shelves in them. $38 each, and I would need two of them.

I was going to go with the big sheet for $35, but then I got to looking around and remembered that we had some extra Ikea shelves hanging around. They are about 29” x 24“, so I’ll just need to trim a bit off of them to make them the right depth (if they are trimmed to 23.5” they will fit between the front and back wire sections and not slide around). When I went and did that, I found that two of the shelves are almost perfect in length between the posts, and everything looks quite tidy. Here it is.

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Plenty of space for a laptop on the right side, lots of storage for stock underneath. I might build some vertical storage on the left side; not sure yet.

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The shelf is plenty deep; I have mine towards the front to make the exhaust fit better. What I really need to do is trim a couple inches off the duct.

If you are going two countertop-high units, you’ll want to drop the first one down one inch so that everything is level. It looks like this.

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